What Are Aristotle’S 11 Virtues?

What is Aristotle’s definition of happiness?

According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc.

— that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life.

This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very difficult..

What are the 2 kinds of virtues?

Summary. There are two kinds of virtue: intellectual and moral. We learn intellectual virtues by instruction, and we learn moral virtues by habit and constant practice. We are all born with the potential to be morally virtuous, but it is only by behaving in the right way that we train ourselves to be virtuous.

What are the two parts of the soul according to Aristotle?

Aristotle also uses a divided soul, but it is divided upon different lines. The two parts of the soul are the rational part and the irrational part.

What were Aristotle’s two kinds of virtues?

Aristotle distinguishes between two kinds of virtue: moral virtue and intellectual virtue Aristotle says that moral virtues are not innate, but that they are acquired by developing the habit of exercising them. An individual becomes truthful by acting truthfully, or becomes unselfish by acting unselfishly.

What is Aristotle’s theory of virtue?

Most virtue ethics theories take their inspiration from Aristotle who declared that a virtuous person is someone who has ideal character traits. … These traits derive from natural internal tendencies, but need to be nurtured; however, once established, they will become stable.

What are the main points of Aristotle’s ethics?

In order for one to be virtuous they must display prudence, temperance, courage, and justice; moreover, they have to display all four of them and not just one or two to be virtuous.

What is a good life according to Aristotle?

Aristotle argues that what separates human beings from the other animals is the human reason. So the good life is one in which a person cultivates and exercises their rational faculties by, for instance, engaging in scientific inquiry, philosophical discussion, artistic creation, or legislation.

What are the 7 virtues in the Bible?

The Seven Heavenly Virtues: Faith, Hope, Charity, Fortitude, Justice, Temperance, Prudence.

What is Aristotle’s concept of the golden mean?

Moral behavior is the mean between two extremes – at one end is excess, at the other deficiency. Find a moderate position between those two extremes, and you will be acting morally.

What is Aristotle’s doctrine of the mean quizlet?

“The doctrine of the mean” refers to Aristotle’s view that. virtue is an intermediated position between two extremes. Aristotle says that to be a just person, it is not enough to act justly.

What are Aristotle’s virtues in Nicomachean Ethics?

Aristotle gives a rough general taxonomy of the moral virtues, dividing them into those concerned with feelings or passions (courage and temperance), those concerned with external goods (e.g., generosity, magnificence, magnanimity), and those concerned with social life (e.g., mildness, truthfulness, wittiness, …