Question: What Is The Meaning Of Ethnic Cleansing?

What is an example of ethnic cleansing?

Examples of ethnic cleansing understood in this sense include the Armenian massacres by the Turks in 1915–16, the Nazi Holocaust of European Jews in the 1930s and ’40s, the expulsion of Germans from Polish and Czechoslovak territory after World War II, the Soviet Union’s deportation of certain ethnic minorities from ….

Is ethnic cleansing?

Ethnic cleansing is the systematic and systemic forced removal of ethnic, racial and/or religious groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group, often with the intent of making it ethnically homogeneous.

For what purpose did Bosnian Serbs practiced ethnic cleansing?

In particular, Bosnian Serbs sought to push out non-Serbian communities from the areas that fell under their control. These acts of ethnic cleansing sometimes consisted of forcible displacement, but actual mass killings and rape also took place.

Why was there ethnic cleansing in Bosnia?

In the report, the ethnic cleansing in Bosnia and Herzegovina was singled out and described as a political objective of Serb nationalists who wanted to ensure control of territories with a Serb majority as well as “adjacent territories assimilated to them”.

What are the 11 crimes against humanity?

These crimes against humanity entail extermination, murder, enslavement, torture, imprisonment, rape, forced abortions and other sexual violence, persecution on political, religious, racial and gender grounds, the forcible transfer of populations, the enforced disappearance of persons and the inhumane act of knowingly …

What are the 4 ethnic groups?

The Revisions to OMB Directive 15 defines each racial and ethnic category as follows:American Indian or Alaska Native. … Asian. … Black or African American. … Hispanic or Latino. … Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. … White.

What does apartheid mean?

Apartheid, (Afrikaans: “apartness”) policy that governed relations between South Africa’s white minority and nonwhite majority and sanctioned racial segregation and political and economic discrimination against nonwhites.

What is the full meaning of ethnicity?

The adjective ethnic relates to large groups of people who have certain racial, cultural, religious, or other traits in common. … In Middle English, ethnic meant heathen or pagan. The word is from Late Latin ethnicus, from Greek ethnikos “foreign,” from ethnos “nation.”

What causes ethnic cleansing?

Political elites seek to attain and/or build political power by exploiting nationalism and its need to create the domestic ‘other’ in order to foster solidarity among the dominant nationality. Especially during war and the transition from war to peace, this process can lead to ethnic cleansing.

Ethnic cleansing has not been defined and is not recognized as a crime under international law, according to the U.N. And in reality, the lines between ethnic cleansing and genocide are often blurred.

Where did the term ethnic cleansing originate?

Ethnic cleansing has not been recognized as an independent crime under international law. The term surfaced in the context of the 1990’s conflict in the former Yugoslavia and is considered to come from a literal translation of the Serbo-Croatian expression “etničko čišćenje”.

What are considered crimes against humanity?

Crimes against humanity refer to specific crimes committed in the context of a large-scale attack targeting civilians, regardless of their nationality. These crimes include murder, torture, sexual violence, enslavement, persecution, enforced disappearance, etc.

Is ethnicity the same as race?

“Race” is usually associated with biology and linked with physical characteristics such as skin color or hair texture. “Ethnicity” is linked with cultural expression and identification. However, both are social constructs used to categorize and characterize seemingly distinct populations.

How do you describe ethnicity?

Ethnicity refers to shared cultural characteristics such as language, ancestry, practices, and beliefs. For example, people might identify as Latino or another ethnicity. Be clear about whether you are referring to a racial group or to an ethnic group.

What does the phrase ethnic cleansing mean?

“Ethnic cleansing” has been defined as the attempt to get rid of (through deportation, displacement or even mass killing) members of an unwanted ethnic group in order to establish an ethnically homogenous geographic area.

What is the meaning of ethnic?

1a : of or relating to large groups of people classed according to common racial, national, tribal, religious, linguistic, or cultural origin or background ethnic minorities ethnic enclaves.

What are examples of ethnic conflict?

Examples of ethnic conflictsYugoslav Wars.Insurgency in the North Caucasus.Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.Rwandan genocide.Rohingya genocide.Communal conflicts in Nigeria.Sudanese nomadic conflicts.Oromo–Somali clashes.More items…

What does ethnic conflict mean?

Ethnic conflict, a form of conflict in which the objectives of at least one party are defined in ethnic terms, and the conflict, its antecedents, and possible solutions are perceived along ethnic lines. …