Question: Who Are Kurds Descended From?

What language do the Kurds speak?

KurmanjiKurmanji is the language of the vast majority of Kurds in Turkey, Syria, Armenia, and Azerbaijan, and of a few in Iraq and Iran, with an estimated 15-17 million speakers in total.

Sorani is the language of most Kurds in Iraq (4-6 million speakers) and Iran (5-6 million speakers)..

Why do the Kurds not have their own country?

However, the reconquest of these areas by the forces of Kemal Atatürk (and other pressing issues) caused the Allies to accept the renegotiated Treaty of Lausanne (1923) and the borders of the modern Republic of Turkey, leaving the Kurds without a self-ruled region.

Does Iran support Kurds?

Iranian support for the Kurds has received more attention since 2014, when Iran backed certain Kurdish efforts against the Islamic State (ISIS), but the ties go back decades. Even before the 1979 Islamic Revolution, the Shah provided support to the Kurds in Iraq.

Are the Kurds a stateless nation?

The Kurds are among the largest stateless ethnic groups in the world, with some 30 million concentrated in an area straddling Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and Syria. … A minority in all four countries, the Kurds speak their own language, with several dialects.

Why did the Kurds flee Iraq?

All Kurds have to adopt Turkish names. The official explanation was that they were “Mountain Turks” who had forgotten their Turkish roots. … Many thousands of Kurdish fighters and their families were forced to flee to Iran to escape the pursuing Iraqi army.

What is the difference between Kurds Sunni and Shia in Iraq?

The Shiites and Sunnis are ethnically Arabs (that is, they speak Arabic and share a common culture). Kurds are not Arabs; they have their own culture and language. Most Kurds are Sunni Muslims. The division between Shiites and Sunnis dates to the death of Muhammad, the founder of Islam, in 632 A.D.

Do all Kurds live in the same country?

Kurds do not have an official homeland or country. Most reside within countries in the Middle East including northern Iraq, eastern Turkey, western Iran and small portions of northern Syria and Armenia.

Who are the ancestors of the Kurds?

Predecessor groups. The Kurdish people are believed to be of heterogeneous origins combining a number of earlier tribal or ethnic groups including Lullubi, Guti, Cyrtians, Carduchi. Some of them have also absorbed some elements from Semitic, Turkic and Armenian people.

Is Kurdistan a real country?

Kurdistan, Arabic Kurdistān, Persian Kordestān, broadly defined geographic region traditionally inhabited mainly by Kurds. It consists of an extensive plateau and mountain area, spread over large parts of what are now eastern Turkey, northern Iraq, and western Iran and smaller parts of northern Syria and Armenia.

What religion was Iraq before Islam?

Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrianism was one of the dominant religions in Kurdistan before the Islamic era. Currently, Zoroastrianism is an officially recognized religion in Iraqi Kurdistan and Iran. Zoroastrianism has become the fastest growing religion with Kurds, especially in Kurdish-controlled Northern Iraq.

Where do Kurds come from originally?

Where do they come from? The Kurds are one of the indigenous peoples of the Mesopotamian plains and the highlands in what are now south-eastern Turkey, north-eastern Syria, northern Iraq, north-western Iran and south-western Armenia.

Are Kurds Caucasian?

Our HLA study conclusions are that Kurds most probably belong to an ancient Mediterranean / Middle East / Caucasian genetic substratum and that present results and those previously obtained by us in Kurds may be useful for Medicine in future Kurd transplantation programs, HLA Epidemiology (HLA linked diseases) and …

Did the Kurds ever have a state?

After the Mongol period, Kurds established several independent states or principalities such as Ardalan, Badinan, Baban, Soran, Hakkari and Badlis. … The capital city of this state of Ardalan was first in Sharazour in Iraqi Kurdistan, but was moved to Sinne (in Iran) later on.

What is the religion of the Kurds?

Nearly all Iraqi Kurds consider themselves Sunni Muslims. In our survey, 98% of Kurds in Iraq identified themselves as Sunnis and only 2% identified as Shias. (A small minority of Iraqi Kurds, including Yazidis, are not Muslims.) But being a Kurd does not necessarily mean alignment with a particular religious sect.

What is the goal of the Kurds?

Since the 1970s, Iraqi Kurds have pursued the goal of greater autonomy and even outright independence against the Iraqi nationalist Ba’ath Party regimes, which responded with brutal repression, including the massacre of 182,000 Kurds in the Anfal genocide.

According to some historical records and modern scholars, despite the similarity in names, the Karduchoi were not Kurds. Besides Corduene, the Kingdom of Armenia also governed Moxoene (Miks in Kurdish), located around present-day Bahçesaray, which today is inhabited heavily by Kurds.